The year of high anxiety was disturbing by the intensification of conflicts of interest between world powers. As international cooperation diminished and nationalist programs gathered power, China, the USA, Russia and Europe and their respective allies, emulators and proxies became involved in often dangerous competition.
The increasingly assertive behavior of the Chinese Communist regime at home and abroad, reflecting the authoritative outlook of its most important leader for life, Xi Jinping, has caused direct collisions with Western countries, particularly in Hong Kong, trade, technology and terrorism suppression. Uyghur Muslim minority in Xinjiang.
When the US and Britain objected to the abusive treatment of pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong, they were told that they had their own business in mind. Winning opposition victories in the local elections brought a severe rebuke to Beijing, which she ignored. After six months of unrest, neither side seemed ready to retreat.
The unauthorized release of hundreds of internal party documents to the Western media has revealed unscrupulous government policy to indoctrinate up to 1 million Ujgros illegally detained in concentration camp-like detention centers. China claimed to be fighting Islamist terrorism.
Xi also attracted strong criticism for his signing of the Belt and Road Global Investment and Infrastructure initiative, which the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo described as debt traps for the unnecessary. His alarm reflected fears of a decline in US leverage in the Asia-Pacific region, Africa and Europe.
This decline was further illustrated by China’s most successful efforts to prolong its rocking in the South Pacific and Eastern and Southern China. The “Freedom of Navigation” patches the pitfalls of the Western Navy.
China replied to American ostracism Huawei. The result was market volatility, bad blood, and fear of global failure
Increased diplomatic support for the US and the sale of arms to Taiwan and Beijing’s secret secret efforts to subvert the presidential election of the “apostate province” next month have also triggered tensions. In its White Paper on Defense, China emphasized its peaceful intentions, but also its “combat readiness” and military capabilities throughout the region.
Before Donald Trump was dissatisfied with the deal in mid-December, he escalated rivalry between the US and China on another front, imposed imports on imports and curtailed Huawei’s state-owned telecommunications company. China responded in kind, although national economic growth slowed. The result was increased market volatility, bad blood and fears of a further global economic downturn.
Trump’s conflicting and chaotic policies have caused problems worldwide. After prematurely praising the North Korean nuclear threat, he failed to destroy a substantial agreement. In the second half of the year, the Kim Jong-un regime resumed arms tests, setting a deadline of 31 December.
There is chaos in the Middle East
A Syrian civil defense member, also known as the White Helmet, is worn by a girl after a reported air attack in Idlib province. Photo: Omar Haj Kadour / AFP via Getty Images
There was confusion in the Middle East when Trump pushed Iran to the brink of war and then withdrew. Given the damage to the US economic and financial sanctions and the global oil embargo still in place, and given the unprecedented levels of violent domestic political unrest in Iran, the potential for an explosive conflict was high in 2020.
In northeast Syria, Trump frightened European allies and pleased Russia and the Syrian regime of Bashar al-Assad by ordering the withdrawal of US troops. His decision gave a green Turkish invasion aimed at Kurdish allies in the West to fight Isis. In Idliba, the last inhabited province that is not under the control of Assad, hundreds of civilians and humanitarian workers were killed by Russian and Syrian forces, while hundreds of thousands were displaced.
The lack of a common Western policy in the Middle East and a conflict of interests between the US and Europe were in a disastrous show in Israel, where Trump took several unilateral steps. The US recognized Israel’s sovereignty over Jerusalem and the captured Golan Heights, claiming that Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories were legal.
Under the proper leadership of Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel carried out repeated military attacks on Iran-related targets in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, maintained blockade of the Hamas-led Gaza Strip, and aligned itself with the US autocratic regime in Saudi Arabia and Egypt. Instability deepened when Netanyahu did not win another election and was accused of corruption. The third vote appears.
The Syrian fiasco raises further doubts about NATO’s cohesion. Turkey also resisted its allies by buying a Russian missile system. Trump continued to disrespect the alliance and emerged from a broken London summit after his colleagues mocked. French President Emmanuel Macron, who prefers stronger EU defense, said Nato is “brain dead”.
Russia is affecting
If Russian President Vladimir Putin’s goal is to divide and weaken Western democracies, 2019 was a golden year. Russia’s influence in the Middle East has risen sharply, especially in Turkey, Syria and Libya. Cooperation with China has expanded. Russia’s upsetting war conflicts and online disinformation campaigns in Russia have attracted Britain, Eastern Europe and the Balkans.
In the US, Mueller’s report and investigative investigation into Trump’s actions in Ukraine revealed the hidden hand of Russia and the skills Putin broke out with US intelligence agencies, Republicans threw slaves and made Trump a “useful idiot”. The accusation process has clearly revealed contradictions before the presidential fight to 2020, which promises to be unusually destructive.
American neuroses seem to be radiating outward. Trump’s attempts to halt the influx of migrants turned the US-Mexico border into an armed camp in which shocking human rights abuses flourished. His closed-door policy, as well as the reduction in US aid, exacerbated the economic and security problems in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador.
South America will explode
A fire hit by supporters of Evo Morales in Sacaba province in Chapare province after his resignation as president. Photo: Ronaldo Schemidt / AFP via Getty Images
Furthermore, the South-American bullying offer to defeat Venezuelan Nicolás Maduro almost turned the crisis into a disaster. Bolivian long-time left-wing president Evo Morales tried to get his hand in the elections and was driven out – a result that was not only for Trump once in a while.
In Brazil, right-wing populist Jair Bolsonaro became president in January and quickly established himself as a global bogeyman – mainly because of attempts to exploit the Amazon rainforest by burning it. In Canada, his worst enemy was Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who won a re-election despite the so-called black surface scandal.
Another bad year was the rule of law of international law, multilateral cooperation, human rights and peace. The geopolitical paralysis of the UN Security Council on matters such as Syria, Israel – Palestine, Ukraine – Crimea and Libya, which mostly planted the US and Europe against China and Russia – and sometimes Europe against the US – was mostly not controlled.
Very little has been done to end the conflict in Yemen. The same was true in Afghanistan, where it turned out that NATO and Afghan government forces were killing more civilians than the Taliban. Myanmar rejected claims in The Hague that they committed a genocide against the Rohingya Muslims.
International treaties did not get better. Following his rejection of Iran’s 2015 nuclear agreement last year, Trump formally renounced the Paris climate change agreement. The US also abandoned the 1987 Mid-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty and indicated that it would not renew the New Start Nuclear Armament Treaty, which expires in 2021.
Trump announced additional spending of $ 500 billion on nuclear weapons systems, speeding up a new nuclear weapons race with Russia and China that upgraded or expanded their arsenal. The White House supported the efforts of Saudi Arabia to build nuclear power plants without the usual guarantees. Critics say this could pave the way for Riyadh to obtain a nuclear bomb – and to provoke other countries to follow them.
The weakening of the rule-based global order had an extraterrestrial impact. Trump revealed a sophisticated space command to assert US dominance in the universe – what he called “another war domain.” This move, allegedly in defense of news satellites, ignored the 1967 Universe Treaty, according to which the universe belongs to everyone.
Honors near one of the two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, which were exposed to a right-wing terrorist attack. Photo by Marty Melville / AFP / Getty Images
While the number of terrorist attacks in 2019 followed a downward trend from previous years, there were some terrible incidents. In New Zealand, an Australian white supremacist killed 51 people in two mosques in Christchurch. A few weeks later, 257 people died reportedly retaliated on Easter Day in Sri Lanka. In London, two people died in London in November.
Despite recent defeats, it has to be said that Muslim jihadist organizations such as Isis, al-Qaeda and Boko Haram have regrouped. The sharp increase in racist, anti-Semitic and Islamophobic attacks by white nationalists and other bigots has caused deep concern in the US, Britain and Europe.
Tensions in Kashmir, India, managed after Narendra Modi imposed a direct government from Delhi
There was tension all over the world in Kashmir, India, which ruled after Indian nationalist leader Narendra Modi imposed a direct government on Delhi. In South Africa and Zimbabwe, there have been ongoing unrest over economic difficulties, mismanagement and human rights violations. The old enemies of Japan and South Korea spent most of the year arguing. In Lebanon, sectarian conflicts have sparked the ghost of a renewed civil war. France has plunged into a “winter of discontent” over public sector reforms. And in Britain, the unresolved Brexit divisions pushed the level of national anxiety to new highs, while Boris Johnson Conservatives won the brutally fought December elections. Britain’s exit from the EU is now certainty in 2020.
Many individuals who were caught in conflicts between states paid terrible personal prizes. Among them was the most prominent Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, a British-Iranian dual national, whom Amnesty International described as unfairly cruel when she was unjustly detained in the fourth year. Like countless victims of human rights violations around the world, Zaghari-Ratcliffe and her family can only hope that 2020 will be more kind.
[brandsToTranslate] World News [t] Europe [t] Italy [t] Finland [t] France [t] Germany [t] China [t] US News [t] Middle East and North Africa [t] Syria [t] North Korea [t] Asia, Pacific [t] New Zealand [t] South and Central Asia [t] Myanmar [t] Americas [t] Protest