The world’s largest coronavirus lockdown has begun

The world's largest coronavirus lockdown has begun

India’s 1.3 billion citizens, which make up almost a fifth of the world’s total population, have entered the second day of the 21-day coronavirus blockade.

“The whole country will be closed off, and it will be completely closed off,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a Tuesday address, reporting 519 coronavirus cases and 9 deaths so far. “To save India, to save all its citizens, you, your family … all streets, all neighborhoods are blocked.”

Modi arrived in the world’s second most populous country four hours ago. Police began to enforce this measure by arresting hundreds of people around the country for leaving home on Wednesday. The nature of the last-minute command guarded the country and caused the world’s largest COVID-19 lockdown.

Lockdown trend

According to Johns Hopkins University, lockdown has led India to announce 12 other national quarantine measures in response to a coronavirus pandemic that has infected more than 471,000 people worldwide and killed more than 21,000 people. Following the footsteps of the country. .

The size of India’s population makes the size of its blockade unprecedented. In China, only the epicenter of the outbreak, Wuhan and its surrounding areas, has been completely closed.

Modi reported the lockdown on TV and online Tuesday, but Wednesday reports said some residents were confused about why some people were not on the street, and news of thorough measures Did not reach anyone.

Economic impact

The blockade is expected to destroy the Indian economy.

According to Fortune India’s aviation consulting firm CAPA India, the U.S. air travel industry, which has endured all domestic flights, has lost between $ 3.3 billion and $ 3.6 billion between April and June . Major Indian airlines such as Air India and Indigo may survive the blockade with deeper cash reserves and potential financial support from the government, but smaller airlines may not survive.

“It’s too early to come to a firm conclusion, but what may appear on the other side is a smaller, more integrated industry,” says CAPA India.

The coronavirus pandemic may prove a major setback to India’s hope to become the world’s aviation superpower. According to the International Air Transport Association, for four years through 2019, India’s domestic aviation industry represented the world’s fastest growing market.

India’s measures also pose a threat to the country’s information technology sector, whose systems are essential for global commerce. India controls more than half of the global IT outsourcing market. The industry has more than three quarters of the Fortune 500 companies and contributes about $ 58 billion annually to US GDP.

While the IT industry is based on work products online, it is theoretically better to shift from home to work, but lockdown is Scrambled Indian industry leader. Some have told Reuters that employees are often not prepared for a rapid transition from office to home, as employees often only have access to the project via a secure internal network.

“The recent challenge isn’t really technology, the challenge is regulation, and who is responsible in the event of a problem,” said the best human relations executive at an Indian IT company told Reuters. Was.

e-commerce emergencies

On the other hand, areas where the benefits of lockdown should benefit, the country’s fast growing e-commerce sector, are also facing obstacles.

Although the central government has excluded e-commerce platforms from lockdown measures, some companies have reported problems at the local level.

BigBasket, India’s largest online supermarket,
On Tuesday, the customer said,
Nevertheless, the restrictions imposed by local authorities on the movement of goods
Clear guidelines provided by central authorities
service. “

“I hope things get better soon,” Hari T.N, senior executive at BigBasket, told Reuters on Monday.

Other key companies, such as Amazon and Wal-Mart’s Flipkart, which control about 60% of the Indian e-commerce market, had to temporarily suspend operations on Tuesday due to lockdown restrictions. Later that day, Amazon announced that it will only provide essential services such as groceries during lockdown. On Wednesday, Flipkart followed, but there were still reports of cases where local governments prevented delivery of important goods.

Countries such as the US Mass Quarantine [such as Wuhan and surrounding areas] have similar requirements for lockdown as India, but have proven to be effective in controlling the spread of coronavirus. However, due to the size of the Indian effort, the ultimate lockdown test is being performed.

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—Screening: World Leaders and Health Professionals on How to Stop the COVID-19 Spread

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